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TMJ Causes: Injury & Trauma
Don’t discount what happened to you
Sustaining an injury or experiencing a physical trauma can add stress and strain to your body, in particular placing additional tension to your head, neck, face, shoulders and back.
An injury or acute trauma to your jaws can be the result of a car accident, a severe fall, a punch to the face or any other intense physical impact to this area. All of these can lead to damage to your muscles or your joints.
Remember, it’s all connected…
Anytime your body absorbs the impact of a serious blow, it will transfer the impact throughout the rest of your body. This in-turn alters the function of the muscles and joints associated in your head, neck, face, etc. . . The end result? Discomfort and irritation related to TMJ. How?
Well, naturally, all the muscles, nerves, ligaments and joints of your body are very closely related. For instance, if your back goes out, it has an effect on the neck. When the neck muscles are affected or traumatized, that can disturb the jaw muscles through the nerve signals that go to the brain.
The nerves in the jaw and neck muscles influence each other and alter their function. That trauma or stress on the body eventually results in tension in the jaw and head muscles.
Having broken or missing teeth?
A car accident, a severe blow to the face or any other physical trauma can easily equate to broken, chipped or missing teeth. When your mouth is operating without a full-set of properly working teeth, TMJ can ensue.
Your teeth are set in bone from the moment you are born. As your teeth begin to grow, they begin to shape your face which affects your jaw and facial growth. If you are missing teeth and/or those teeth aren’t replaced, your jaw and ultimately your face will be affected and it will start to deform.
Additionally, a “bad bite” – in which your upper and lower teeth do not come together in proper alignment – dislocates the placement of the jaw and the surrounding muscles. This imbalance in the bite-jaw-muscle relationship is what causes facial pain. The added force and pressure on the teeth can result in the bone dissolving or contribute to extra boney ridges to build-up.
When your teeth are missing or mismatched, it leads to over-compensation by your jaw muscles, ending in a lopsided jaw. When your jaw formation is tampered with, it can lead to symptoms of TMJ.
Your posture strain becomes a greater issue too, if you have lost one or more teeth. The muscles of your back and neck are hugely impacted by an unbalanced jaw and this takes a significant toll on your spine and its alignment.
Overall, injuries to your back, your hips, your knees and even your feet can affect the muscle activity of your jaw.